We explain what equity is and what are the values ​​it promotes. Also, what types of equity exist and their general characteristics.

Equity promotes equality and justice among people.

What is equity?

The word equity comes from the Latin aequĭtas. This term is associated with the values ​​of equality and of Justice.

Equity tries to promote equality, beyond differences in sex, culture, the economic sectors to which it belongs, etc. That is why it is usually related to social justice, since it defends the same conditions and opportunities for all persons, without distinction, only adapting in particular cases.

In other words, for equity to be real, the general rule cannot be applied to all individuals, but certain exceptions must be observed for each particular case. In addition, each person must be able to assert their rights, regardless of where they come from.

Equity fights against poverty, the discrimination, the racism, the xenophobia, the homophobia, among other issues that promote distance and differences between individuals.

Gender equality

Gender equity promotes gender equality in all areas.

When talking about gender equality, reference is made to equality and justice, in which people, regardless of their sex, can assert their Rights and they have the same opportunities and responsibilities. Some cases where the lack of gender equity is evident are discrimination when looking for a job or violence against women.

Although it is recognized that there are differences between women and men, it does not mean that one of the sexes is inferior or superior to the other, that is why they must have the same means and capacities when it comes to developing in work, family life , political and social.

Social equity

When speaking of social equity policies, reference is made to questions of Health, that is to say that it is affordable for all the inhabitants of a condition. The same in the field of educationThat everyone who wishes has the opportunity to access the three levels of education.

Likewise, these policies should be added equal opportunities labor, which are also worthy positions. The conditions of life They are also elementary, and not only refer to a good home, but also access to drinking water, electricity, sewage networks etc.

Many other policies aimed at social equity can be mentioned, but one of its greatest objectives is to achieve greater inclusion of all people in a certain state and raise their standard of living, until they achieve true social well-being.

Equity in Law and Economics

Equity is one of the essential values ​​of Law.

Within the Science of Law the equity value acquires great importance. Although it does not respond to one of thesources of law it is usually used as a means or technique to correct the law. This tool makes it possible to adapt the standard to the particular needs of each case. In other words, I know the law applies according to certain circumstances.

That is why it is considered one of the essential values ​​of Law, since it has a position if you want more human, since certain considerations are taken into account. It should be clarified that this is a highly disputed position since the time of Aristotle

From theEconomic Sciences equity is spoken of as the justice that should be applied to the treatment of taxes of people. This means that the tax burdens must vary according to each particular case to truly achieve equity.

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