We explain what a mind map is and the types of mind maps there are. In addition, its characteristics and programs to carry it out.
A mind map is a connected and ordered set of words, ideas, and pictures.
What is a mental map?
A type of mind map is known as diagram that allows representing different concepts, words, ideas, readings or tasks, arranged graphically in different ways around a keyword or core concept. It's about a method useful for extracting and organizing information, as well as a versatile mechanism to associate and express ideas on a specific topic.
Broadly speaking, mind maps are collections of words, ideas, and drawings connected and visually ordered based on a theme or a keyword, which serves as a trigger and connection point for everything represented. In that sense, it is a way ofradial thinking.
These types of tools have the objective to represent information in a more dynamic and diverse way, compared to mere text written, and therefore aspire to facilitate the learning and the communication, incorporating a novel perspective. Its name comes from there: they are illustrations that reflect the dynamics of the thought.
The process of making a mind map is simple: just find the key word or phrase, that is, the core of the map, and then derive related ideas and concepts, organizing them around it as a subtitle, like a ring of ideas.
Each of these derived ideas will in turn be a trigger for new sub-concepts and so on, up to the desired level of detail. Each concept or idea can be represented by words, letters, symbols, or illustrations.
Types of mind maps
Tree maps have the key theme at the top and subsequent ideas are on the decline.
Based on their appearance, mind maps can be of the following types:
- Circular maps. Those that arrange their information in concentric rings around the keyword, like a circuit or a starfish.
- Tree maps. Those that resemble a jellyfish: the key or main theme goes to the top and subsequent ideas go down.
- Rainbow maps. Those that are shaped like a diaphragm, that have the key theme at one end and subsequent ideas unfold in each arc.
- Honeycomb maps. It is structured based on four small cells with six sides in the center and eight around it, resembling a honeycomb of bees. It is ideal for classifying information and ordering it from the inside out.
Characteristics of mind maps
Mind maps are a versatile and dynamic tool, combining abstract and free thinking with the rigors of association. In that sense, it is an ideal practice for the exercise of memory and for academic learning, since it allows the student to organize the knowledge in their own way.
On the other hand, in the elaboration of a mental map one can use various expressive mechanisms: drawings, colors, signs, words, etc. This makes the mental map, at the same time, a sample of the way of thinking of the one who elaborates it, similar to the maps of the cities.
Mind mapping programs
Some online applications to build mind maps are:
- MindMeister. Equipped with a premium version (4 U $ D) and a free one, it allows functionalities such as adding notes, collaborative work in real time, saving past versions, etc.
- Mindomo. Also provided with a free and commercial version (6 U $ D), this online application allows you to create, edit and share mind maps with your contacts. social networks.
- Litpen. This web application is used to create mind maps in the form of a honeycomb, it was launched in 2013 quickly and creatively.
- Wisemapping. This free site combines the technology vector (SVG and VLM) with the dynamics characteristics of the web 2.0.
- Mind42. An online tool for mind mapping that has a very friendly interface, which allows you to incorporate images into your work by taking them from a local source, and allows you to preview web links that are part of the scheme.
- Bubble.es. This page operates based on the technique ofbrainstorming (brainstorming) and has important features such as the export of mind maps in image format and the incorporation of them in any Web page or blog.