natural landscape



We explain what a natural landscape is and what its elements are. In addition, its main characteristics, examples and cultural landscape.

Natural landscapes are far from people's daily lives.

What is a natural landscape?

Natural landscapes are those physical spaces that have not been modified by the hand of the human being. A good part of the land found in the land surface, today, have already been modified, that is why this type of scenery They are far from the life people's daily lives, and they are less and less. Is that the cities, routes, roads and other constructions of man became essential to satisfy the needs of the persons.

In any case, natural landscapes can still be recorded, where the interaction between the weather and the geological, as well as ecological, elements remain intact. An example of this are the North Pole and the South Pole, some moutains found at very high altitudes, as well as woods, jungles or coasts. Or even some plains or valleys.

In general, these are lands that, due to the characteristics of their I usually or else, due to their climate or height, they are uninhabitable for man. And they don't haveraw material or soils that can be exploited.

Natural landscape elements

The relief is about geographical features that are identified within an area.

Some of the elements that can be found in any natural landscape, and that will determine its unique qualities and characteristics, are the following:

  • Area.It is the terrain deployed between certain limits. It is there where the natural landscape in question develops.
  • Relief. It is about the different geographical features that are identified within that area. For example, a mountain or a valley. A saw or one Mountain range.
  • Water. Are themolecules composed of oxygen and hydrogen (H2O). It is characterized by being odorless, colorless and tasteless. It is an essential element for the development of any type of life, both animal and plant.
  • Flora. It's about the vegetables, whether plants, trees or shrubs that inhabit the landscape.
  • Fauna. Here, instead, the different animals that will live in the natural landscape in question are identified.
  • Minerals Are the inorganic matter own of each landscape. Silver Gold, nickel or copper are just a few examples.
  • Weather. It is about the atmospheric conditions of that territory. Here the humidity, the Pressure atmospheric, the temperature and rainfall, among other indicators.
  • I usually. It is the outer layer of the earth's crust. According to its characteristics, different kinds of vegetation will develop.

Characteristics of the natural landscape

Natural landscapes end up becoming tourist destinations.

As previously mentioned, natural landscapes are those lands where the intervention of human hands is not observed. Although, it may happen that the landscape remains intact, except for the placement of some structure, such as a bridge or a path, so that it can be appreciated or crossed by the man. Even so, its various elements are preserved practically intact.

It can also happen that people live in them. But, unlike cities, the population it is very scarce. Sometimes they don't even live close to each other, so the terrain is not affected at all.

Sometimes it happens that the natural landscape is protected by man. This means that, by a governmental provision, it is decided to preserve a certain territory. Then it becomes a natural park, in which the access of people is restricted, and there are certain guidelines in pursuit of its preservation. Thus, it is guaranteed that the life of the flora and fauna of the place can continue to develop. In addition to natural parks, there are monuments and nature reserves.

These natural landscapes, for their beauty and for being exotic and unique places, become tourist destinations. And they are increasingly sought after.

Examples of natural landscape

The Iguazu Falls are located in Argentina, Paraguay and Brazil.

Some of the most recognized –and beautiful- natural landscapes in the world are the following:

  • The Galapagos Islands. This natural landscape is located in Ecuador, very close to its coasts. These islands are of volcanic origin. Thanks to this, those who visit them will be able to appreciate the beautiful turtles, which are characterized by being large.
  • Iguazu falls. Located in the province of Misiones, Argentina; Paraguay and Brazil, this landscape has 275 jumps, which reach 80 meters in height.
  • Vesuvius. This mount located in Italy faces the Bay of Naples and is a volcano still active that is part of the alpine ranges.
  • Grand Canyon. This landscape is found in the United States, north of the state of Arizona. It is a geographical feature caused by the passage of the Colorado River.
  • The Black Forest. Located in Germany, this natural landscape is characterized by abundant forestation, in addition to being where the Feldberg peak is located.

Natural and cultural landscape

In a cultural landscape you can see buildings, squares, roads and bridges, among others.

In cultural landscapes, unlike natural ones, it is easy to perceive the intervention of the human being. And, therefore, that previously natural terrain is clearly modified.

Why does man modify it? To be able to develop your life and satisfy your needs. A clear example of this is the cities. Where people live and carry out their daily tasks, such as working, studying, purchasing basic necessities products, and others.

Thus, in cultural landscapes, buildings, squares, roads, roads, bridges, factories, fields with crops are observed. In order to install all this, people were forced to divert rivers, cut down trees, pave ground, in order to take advantage of the land.

So in any cultural field you will find:

  • Population. This is a group of people who live and share the same land. And they interact with each other.
  • Households. Closed constructions inhabited by a set of people, generally family. And it is there where they carry out basic activities such as eating or sleeping. The houses are not only to preserve the privacy of people, but also to protect themselves from high or low temperatures, animals, rains and any other type of natural phenomenon.
  • Productions. This is the name given to the set of products, that is: raw materials that have been modified by humans.
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