- What is a stressed syllable?
- How to identify the stressed syllable?
- Unstressed syllable
- Examples of stressed syllables
We explain what a stressed syllable is, how it is identified and various examples. Also, what is an unstressed syllable.
The stressed syllable may or may not have an accent.
What is a stressed syllable?
Spanish words can be separated into syllables, despite the fact that when we pronounce them we do it in a run. Among them, the syllables that receive a greater intonation load than the others are called stressed syllables, while the other syllables pronounced without said voice emphasis are unstressed syllables.
Normally, a word has a single stressed syllable, in which a tilde or accent may (or may not) appear accent, in the cases in which it corresponds. Of course, in monosyllable words, the only syllable there is will always be the stressed syllable.
In Spanish it is important to be able to recognize the stressed syllable of words, since ours is a language with a phonologically relevant accent, that is, the location of the stressed syllable affects the meaning of the words itself, as is evident in the case of "cheer up" (noun), “Anima” (verb in the past) and animo (verb in the present).
How to identify the stressed syllable?
It is simple to identify the stressed syllable of a word. From the outset, we can quickly find it if the word has an accent or accent: it will always be in the stressed syllable of the word, whatever it may be. But in cases where there is no accent, just pronounce the word marking the syllables separately, to see which of them stands out from the rest.
For example, if we wanted to find the stressed syllable of the word “cabin”, it was enough to separate its syllables and pronounce them aloud: “ca-bi-na”. That leaves us with three possible options (we will capitalize the possible stressed syllable):
The mere emphatic pronunciation will make us realize that the second option is the only possible one, since otherwise the word would be “cabin"Or"cabin”.
Just as there are stressed syllables, there are unstressed syllables. The unstressed are the syllables that are not pronounced with emphasis. So, taking the previous example, we already know that the stressed syllable of “cabin” is the intermediate one (“bi”). So the other two syllables, the initial (ca) and the final (na) will necessarily be unstressed syllables.
Examples of stressed syllables
Here are some examples of stressed syllables in words of different types (again, the stressed syllable will appear in uppercase):
- pebble: gui-JA-rro.
- chameleon: ca-ma-LEÓN.
- apocalypse: a-po-ca-lip-sis.
- merits: MÉ-ri-tos.
- camouflage: ca-mu-FLAR-se.
- song Song.
- merchants: co-mer-CIAN-tes.
- liver: HÍ-ga-do.
- shoelaces: a-gu-JE-tas.
- relieve: a-li-VIAR.
- Sun Sun.
- incandescent: in-can-des-CEN-te.
- programmed: pro-gra-MÓ.
- mononucleosis: mo-no-nu-CLEO-sis.
- fledgling: CIER-nes.
- hippo: hi-po-PÓ-ta-mo.
- gizzard: mo-LLE-ja.
- they bark: LA-dran.
- boredom: a-bu-rri-MIEN-to.
- chase: per-se-GUIR.
- monster: MONS-truo.
- place: mon-GAR.
- oxidant: o-xi-DAN-te.
- comedian: CÓ-mi-co.