society of information
- What is the information society?
- Characteristics of the information society
- Disadvantages of the information society
- Advantages of the information society
- ¿Why is it so important?
- Origin of the information society
We explain what the information society is and its characteristics. Also, its importance, advantages and disadvantages.
The term "information society" has been in use since the 1960s.
What is the information society?
This expression has been used since the 1960s and has acquired various meanings. Broadly speaking, it can be defined as a stage in which the development of society is oriented towards obtaining and disseminating any type of information instantly.
For this society to be possible, the different elements that comprise it (from human resources to companies and even the different dependencies of the Condition) have capacities that foster the development of information.
Thus, within these societies, the number of individuals engaged in information-related tasks is greater, while the proportion engaged in jobs that require physical abilities is much lower.
Characteristics of the information society
There are numerous features that characterize the information society. Some of them are:
- Exuberance. Society unfolds in a habitat in which large volumes of information (phrases, data and images) are a constant part of it.
- Globalization. This constant exchange from and to any point on the globe results in the formation of a globalized society. This means that commercial, cultural, political links and exchanges are generated, among others, that cross national borders.
- Centrality In these communities, their individuals receive and send information to and from all parts of the world. planet. Obviously, there are certain countries or economic regions that stand out for producing and disseminating a greater volume of information than the rest.
- Technology as the epicenter. For the development of these societies, the evolution of various technological devices that allow the dissemination of information is key.
- Instantaneity. The speed with which data and information are transmitted is very high, instantaneous, in addition to the fact that this diffusion requires very few costs And it can be done simultaneously.
- No barriers. Time and space are not an obstacle to the dissemination of information.
Disadvantages of the information society
- Homogenization. Societies tend towards homogeneity by coming into constant contact with other goods, services andcultures, which can lead to the loss of your traditions and the adoption of distant ones.
- Unemployment and precariousness. With advances in technology, many tasks that people once did have been automated and replaced by technology. This destroys sources of employment, generates unemployment and, as a consequence, lends itself to greater precariousness within job offers (wages low, informal work and loss of employment benefits).
- Loss of privacy. Especially with the emergence of social networks, the field of intimacy is reduced to its minimum expression.
- Economic concentration. The globalization It also entails a concentration of control and management of the economy, and therefore, a inequality observed globally.
Advantages of the information society
- Efficiency. Thanks to the greater flow of data and information, production becomes much more efficient. More is produced and for less cost.
- Access to goods. The information became a product that can be accessed by members of any community to take advantage of it.
- Democracy. The fact that access to information is simple and inexpensive democratizes access to knowledge and provides people with new tools.
- Communication. The information society facilitates and speeds up communication from different parts of the world.
- Informed society. That a society can access information more easily gives it greater Liberty at the time of take decisions.
¿Why is it so important?
The emergence of the information society is decisive in several aspects. One of them has to do with making access to knowledge more equal. Thus, the power of those who concentrate the monopoly of the knowledge (As happened at the time with the printing press).
This advance then enables the possibility that individuals, beyond the social class to which they belong, can take a leap and occupy certain spaces within the social fabric, which was previously in the hands of that monopoly.
Accessing information becomes much cheaper and, at the same time, there are no spatial barriers, but any individual with a technological device can access knowledge that was previously limited, for example, to those who could access a library.
Origin of the information society
The American economist Fritz Machlup was the one who coined the concept of "knowledge society" in the 60s. This conception arises as a result of the social and economic transformations that began to take place in those years as a result of technological advances.
At that time, industrial society began to move towards a new model in which all the knowledge and controls applied in the processes Industrialists began to migrate towards the management and processing of data and information.
In this way, individuals began to have access to those goods that they themselves and their environment produced while these barriers began to be crossed. Although in the early nineteenth century this was seen in material products, with the advance of the technology, he moved to information and knowledge (always thanks to technological advances).
The increase in the circulation of information had an impact in various areas such as:
- In the economy. Modify the link between companies worldwide and improve their productivity.
- In personal life. Promotes access to knowledge, services and when interacting with others.
- In social organizations. Thestructures become more horizontal and flexible, in addition to facilitatingFeedback. In addition, the links become much broader: there are no physical or temporal barriers and knowledge is cheaper.