We explain what administration is, its importance, objectives and public administration. Also, business administration.

The administration is used in both public and private management.

What is administration?

Management is a social science, whose interest is focused on organizations human, as well as techniques and procedures available for planning, organizing, address and control of its resources, in order to obtain the greatest possible benefit from them.

There are many possible definitions of management, depending on the perspectives used to study it. In general terms, it is understood as the analysis organizational structure of social groups, with a specific focus on a objective concrete, with requirements of effectiveness and performance (productivity).

In this way, the administration pursues four specific objectives:

  • Planning. Understood as the conceptual structuring of the elements of the organization, taking into account the mission to be fulfilled and a vision of the future of the organization. business or organization.
  • Organization. It's about the coordination and synchronization of parts of the company, to establish their tasks and sequences of carrying them out.
  • Direction. The tasks necessary for driving and leadership of the organization, considering aspects tactical, operational or strategic.
  • Control. Understood as the possibility of diagnosing the operation of the organization and providing feedback to the system with that information, to solve their needs and their operation.

Administration history

The term management It comes from the Latin minister, which can be translated as “towards subordination” or “towards control”. Therefore, the administration has been present since there has been a need to coordinate the activities of the communities human beings, that is, from the very beginning of life in society.

However, this discipline began to be studied formally after the Industrial Revolution (from the 18th century), when large companies arose and the knowledge specialized on his management, which required professionals in the administration of means.

The first academic postulates on Management Theory date back to the 19th century: the first management class was taught at a college by Joseph Wharton in 1881.

Since the ancient times of Ancient China (expressed in the "Rules" of Confucius) or Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome, there were concerns regarding the ideal way to distribute resources and coordinate work efforts, in order to achieve the purpose. as efficiently as possible.

Importance of administration

The administration always looks for a more efficient method than the one implemented.

Improvement is a premise of the administration, in the sense that a method more efficient when implemented. Therefore, this discipline plays a fundamental role in the fulfillment of the objectivesBe it the construction of a building, the generation of wealth or simply the organization of society.

Public administration

The public administration It is the branch of the administration that is in charge of management of the resources of the Condition and of all those organizations of legal personality that constitute the state patrimony. Thus, it serves as a contact between citizens, the can political and state bureaucracy, being regulated by the legislative or executive instances of the public Power.

The public administration encompasses all workers of State-owned companies, regardless of their position or position, as well as the members teachers of the public body of education, the police, the armed forces, the public health, the postal service and national parks, among others.

Business Administration

Business administration is one of the most in-demand careers.

Business administrators are professionals theoretically trained in the work of business management or other similar organizations. This implies understanding the needs of disposition of your financial resources, humans Y capitals, as well as management models (the so-called architecture of business) and leadership.

This is one of the undergraduate careers in greatest demand today, since the business world represents an important segment of work in society and is one of the most common sources of wealth in the contemporary world.

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